gem install – error : Connection reset by peer

sudo gem install cocoapods

ERROR:  Could not find a valid gem ‘cocoapods’ (>= 0), here is why:

          Unable to download data from – Errno::ECONNRESET: Connection reset by peer – SSL_connect (

上面这个错误可能是由于GFW引起了, 所以把source rubygems.org改成baobao.com就可以了

$ gem sources --remove
$ gem sources -a
$ gem sources -l


php null empty


The special NULL value represents a variable with no value. NULL is the only possible value of type null.

A variable is considered to be null if:

  • it has been assigned the constant NULL.

  • it has not been set to any value yet.

  • it has been unset().


emptyDetermine whether a variable is empty


bool empty ( mixed $var )

Determine whether a variable is considered to be empty. A variable is considered empty if it does not exist or if its value equals FALSE. empty() does not generate a warning if the variable does not exist.

Returns FALSE if var exists and has a non-empty, non-zero value. Otherwise returns TRUE.

The following things are considered to be empty:

  • “” (an empty string)
  • 0 (0 as an integer)
  • 0.0 (0 as a float)
  • “0” (0 as a string)
  • NULL
  • array() (an empty array)
  • $var; (a variable declared, but without a value)

LruCache为什么需要保存到RetainFragment, why need RetainFragment?

看了android 文档里的bitmapfun例子, 一开始怎么都不明白为什么需要把LruCache放到fragment里面, 后来再仔细回头看了看文档:

Runtime configuration changes, such as a screen orientation change, cause Android to destroy and restart the running activity with the new configuration (For more information about this behavior, see Handling Runtime Changes). You want to avoid having to process all your images again so the user has a smooth and fast experience when a configuration change occurs.

Luckily, you have a nice memory cache of bitmaps that you built in the Use a Memory Cache section. This cache can be passed through to the new activity instance using a Fragment which is preserved by callingsetRetainInstance(true)). After the activity has been recreated, this retained Fragment is reattached and you gain access to the existing cache object, allowing images to be quickly fetched and re-populated into theImageView objects.


原来当手机横竖屏变化时, activity会被销毁再创建,为了不丢失LruCache, 所以通过setRetainInstance(true), 保存了cache里的数据, 我就更疑惑了, 为什么不把LruCache设置成全局静态变量, 这样不是程序所有地方都可以共享地用到cache了吗